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Prevent salivary gland infections with drinking and oral hygiene.
Bacterial infections of the salivary glands can be avoided by drinking enough and carefully maintaining oral hygiene. An impaired salivation and the accumulation of bacteria in the jaw-mouth area are often the cause of an infection of the parotid gland.
The parotid glands (parotid) are the largest salivary glands in humans and have an almost unprotected access to the oral flora through their glandular duct, so that bacteria can rise directly from the mouth and cause purulent salivary gland inflammation. According to the expert Prof. Dr. Jürgen Ußmüller from the professional association of ear, nose and throat specialists are particularly at risk for people over the age of 60 because their salivation is often disturbed by the formation of saliva stones, they often do not soak them and occasionally neglect the intensity of oral care with age. In addition, taking certain medications can lead to dry mouth and weaken the immune system, which favors the development of bacteria in the mouth and inflammation of the salivary gland.
"These circumstances promote the penetration of bacteria, especially staphylococci and streptococci, which in turn can lead to inflammation of the parotid glands," emphasized Prof. Ußmüller. Since the salivary gland inflammation can quickly become chronic, those affected should definitely consult a doctor, who may then initiate antibiotic treatment. The so-called parotitis (inflammation of the parotid gland) usually manifests itself in severe pain, since that of the gland is surrounded by a tight tissue capsule and swelling immediately increases the tissue pressure. The inflammation is accompanied by severe pain, increased sensitivity to pressure and occasionally nerve paralysis. "Swallowing is difficult and the pain usually increases when chewing," Prof. Ußmüller explained the signs of parotitis. In his opinion, treatment with antibiotics is essential, but in the short term, cool envelopes can have a pain-relieving and decongestant effect.
Since both drinking and intensive oral hygiene significantly reduce the bacteria in the oral cavity, inflammation of the parotid gland can be prevented relatively effectively, the expert Prof. emphasized that sugar-free candies, chewing gum or sour juices also stimulate saliva production and help it Clean the glands and reduce the bacteria in the mouth. (fp)